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Home Fungi Puffballs & the like Fruitbody thick walled, splitting from the top Scleroderma sp.

Scleroderma sp.

Scleroderma

 

Mature Scleroderma fruit bodies hold a mass of powdery spores. Initially the fruit body is more or less globular (perhaps raised on a short, thickish, pseudo-stem), yellow to brown externally, solid, whitish internally. The globular section may be 2 to 8 centimetres in diameter, depending on species. Over time purplish brown spores develop inside and eventually the fruit body consists of a thick skin holding a mass of spores. The thickness of the skin varies, depending on species. Sometimes only about a millimetre thick in others a few millimetres. The thick skin splits irregularly, but more or less radially and in general the sectors then bend out a bit to expose the powdery spore mass for dispersal by wind or water.

 

In this photo (http://www.cpbr.gov.au/fungi/images-captions/scleroderma-sp-0068.html) you see the insides of two fruit bodies. The one on the left is fairly immature, largely with pale flesh but you can see that mature spores  are already present in part of the fruit body. In the one on the right the interior is now wholly spores and you can see the thick skin (about 2-3 mm thick in this case) quite clearly. Splitting of the skin would be about to start. In these two fruit bodies there is no pseudo-stem. In this photo (http://www.cpbr.gov.au/fungi/images-captions/scleroderma-sp-0069.html) you see three mature fruit bodies with varying degrees of splitting and bending outward.

 

The name Scleroderma is derived from two Greek words skleros (tough) and derma (skin) and, as well as being a fungal genus, the word is also the name of an autoimmune disease in which there is a hardening of the skin.

 

Scleroderma vs. Calvatia

 

Calvatia is another genus in which you may find powdery spored, roughly globular fruit bodies in which the outer skin breaks up.

 

The skin in Calvatia is thin (under a millimetre thick) and it breaks up into irregular fragments which fall away. The best analogy I can make is to say the skin breaks up a bit like flaky pastry. There is not the radial splitting and bending out.

 

In Calvatia the spores are held within a cotton-wool-like mass (technically a capillitium). There is no capillitium in Scleroderma.

 

A Calvatia fruit body is softer and more squashable, a bit like a sponge - but this last point of difference is obviously more subjective.

 

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Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Kowen, ACT - 8 Jul 2022 by Steve_Bok Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Stromlo, ACT - 16 Jun 2022 by trevorpreston Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cooma, NSW - 10 May 2022 by mahargiani Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Numeralla, NSW - 18 Apr 2022 by Steve_Bok Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cooma, NSW - 18 Apr 2022 by mahargiani Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Jerrabomberra, NSW - 12 Apr 2022 by TmacPictures Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Stromlo, ACT - 11 Apr 2022 by trevorpreston Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Duffy, ACT - 2 Apr 2022 by Rebeccajgee Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 18 Mar 2022 by CanberraFungiGroup Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 22 Jul 2021 by AlisonMilton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 1 Jul 2021 by HannahWindley Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Murrumbateman, NSW - 19 Jun 2021 by SimoneC Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Holt, ACT - 14 Jun 2021 by drakes Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Garran, ACT - 21 May 2021 by Tapirlord Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 21 May 2021 by BarrieR Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Mongarlowe, NSW - 8 May 2021 by LisaH Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Crooked Corner, NSW - 12 Oct 2020 by Milly Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 18 Aug 2020 by tpreston Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 18 Aug 2020 by tpreston Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at O'Connor, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by tpreston Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Paddys River, ACT - 17 Jul 2020 by idlidlidlidl Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 7 Jul 2020 by Caric Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 26 Jun 2020 by Caric Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hackett, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by petersan Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by AndyRussell Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by AndyRussell Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Macgregor, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Macgregor, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Murrumbateman, NSW - 20 Jun 2020 by AndyRussell Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Majura, ACT - 8 Jun 2020 by jbromilow50 Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Majura, ACT - 8 Jun 2020 by jbromilow50 Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 5 Jun 2020 by Caric Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cotter River, ACT - 3 Jun 2020 by KenT Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Red Hill, ACT - 3 Jun 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Coree, ACT - 27 May 2020 by KenT Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Belconnen, ACT - 25 May 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Wamboin, NSW - 19 May 2020 by natureguy Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 13 May 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Dunlop, ACT - 10 May 2020 by drakes Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 6 May 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 2 May 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 1 May 2020 by RWPurdie Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 1 May 2020 by RWPurdie Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 29 Apr 2020 by AaronClausen Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 21 Apr 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Wamboin, NSW - 20 Apr 2020 by natureguy Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 15 Apr 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 10 Apr 2020 by AaronClausen Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hawker, ACT - 7 Apr 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Red Hill, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Higgins, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by Alison Milton Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by JoeG Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 3 Apr 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 2 Apr 2020 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Aranda, ACT - 9 Mar 2020 by Jubeyjubes Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Lyneham, ACT - 5 Mar 2020 by tpreston Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Melba, ACT - 24 Aug 2019 by PeteWoodall Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Majura, ACT - 7 Jul 2019 by Christine Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 1 Jul 2019 by ruthkerruish Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Kaleen, ACT - 23 Jun 2019 by AaronClausen Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 21 Jun 2019 by JackyF Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Googong, NSW - 12 May 2019 by RodDeb Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 3 May 2019 by BIrdsinCanberra Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 21 Apr 2019 by AaronClausen Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 27 Jan 2019 by ruthkerruish Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 14 Jan 2019 by ruthkerruish Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Paddys River, ACT - 9 May 2018 by purple66 Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 6 Sep 2017 by AndyRussell Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Point 4526 - 28 May 2017 by forgebbaboudit Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 29 Apr 2017 by AaronClausen Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cotter River, ACT - 9 Jul 2016 by KenT Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Paddys River, ACT - 26 Jun 2016 by RyuCallaway Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cotter River, ACT - 16 May 2016 by KenT Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Canberra Central, ACT - 16 Aug 2014 by AaronClausen
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Kowen, ACT - 8 Jul 2022 by Steve_Bok
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Stromlo, ACT - 16 Jun 2022 by trevorpreston
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cooma, NSW - 10 May 2022 by mahargiani
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Numeralla, NSW - 18 Apr 2022 by Steve_Bok
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cooma, NSW - 18 Apr 2022 by mahargiani
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Jerrabomberra, NSW - 12 Apr 2022 by TmacPictures
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Stromlo, ACT - 11 Apr 2022 by trevorpreston
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Duffy, ACT - 2 Apr 2022 by Rebeccajgee
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 18 Mar 2022 by CanberraFungiGroup
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 22 Jul 2021 by AlisonMilton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 1 Jul 2021 by HannahWindley
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Murrumbateman, NSW - 19 Jun 2021 by SimoneC
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Holt, ACT - 14 Jun 2021 by drakes
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Garran, ACT - 21 May 2021 by Tapirlord
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 21 May 2021 by BarrieR
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Mongarlowe, NSW - 8 May 2021 by LisaH
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Crooked Corner, NSW - 12 Oct 2020 by Milly
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 18 Aug 2020 by tpreston
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 18 Aug 2020 by tpreston
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at O'Connor, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by tpreston
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Paddys River, ACT - 17 Jul 2020 by idlidlidlidl
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 7 Jul 2020 by Caric
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 26 Jun 2020 by Caric
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hackett, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by petersan
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by AndyRussell
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by AndyRussell
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Macgregor, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Macgregor, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Murrumbateman, NSW - 20 Jun 2020 by AndyRussell
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Majura, ACT - 8 Jun 2020 by jbromilow50
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Majura, ACT - 8 Jun 2020 by jbromilow50
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Latham, ACT - 5 Jun 2020 by Caric
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cotter River, ACT - 3 Jun 2020 by KenT
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Red Hill, ACT - 3 Jun 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Coree, ACT - 27 May 2020 by KenT
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Belconnen, ACT - 25 May 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Wamboin, NSW - 19 May 2020 by natureguy
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 13 May 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Dunlop, ACT - 10 May 2020 by drakes
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 6 May 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Bruce, ACT - 5 May 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 2 May 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 1 May 2020 by RWPurdie
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Acton, ACT - 1 May 2020 by RWPurdie
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 29 Apr 2020 by AaronClausen
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 21 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Wamboin, NSW - 20 Apr 2020 by natureguy
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 15 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 10 Apr 2020 by AaronClausen
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hawker, ACT - 7 Apr 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Red Hill, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Higgins, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by Alison Milton
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by JoeG
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 3 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 2 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Aranda, ACT - 9 Mar 2020 by Jubeyjubes
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Lyneham, ACT - 5 Mar 2020 by tpreston
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Melba, ACT - 24 Aug 2019 by PeteWoodall
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Majura, ACT - 7 Jul 2019 by Christine
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 1 Jul 2019 by ruthkerruish
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Kaleen, ACT - 23 Jun 2019 by AaronClausen
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Deakin, ACT - 21 Jun 2019 by JackyF
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Googong, NSW - 12 May 2019 by RodDeb
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 3 May 2019 by BIrdsinCanberra
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 21 Apr 2019 by AaronClausen
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 27 Jan 2019 by ruthkerruish
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Hughes, ACT - 14 Jan 2019 by ruthkerruish
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Paddys River, ACT - 9 May 2018 by purple66
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 6 Sep 2017 by AndyRussell
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Point 4526 - 28 May 2017 by forgebbaboudit
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Watson, ACT - 29 Apr 2017 by AaronClausen
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cotter River, ACT - 9 Jul 2016 by KenT
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Paddys River, ACT - 26 Jun 2016 by RyuCallaway
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Cotter River, ACT - 16 May 2016 by KenT
Scleroderma sp. (Scleroderma) at Canberra Central, ACT - 16 Aug 2014 by AaronClausen
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