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Home Fungi Puffballs & the like Simple spore sac, with an apical hole [puffballs] Bovista

Bovista

A puffball

 

The fruit body is a puffball that appears on the ground. Fruit bodies are more or less spherical and range from under a centimetre to 3 or 4 centimetres in diameter. The fruit bodies start off white but at maturity the colour is some shade of brown and there is an apical opening through which the spores escape. The skin of the fruit body is thin and flexible. Initially there is an additional flimsy outer layer, but much or all of this is shed by maturity, though you may see remnants as tiny granules or flakes (especially on the lower sides of a fruit body, where there is more protection against weathering).   

 

Specimens may appear at almost any time of the year and are often seen in groups, sometimes in densely packed clusters. This is genus that may show itself even in a hot summer, within a few days after rain, as tiny white balls. If the temperatures stay low the fruit bodies will develop fully. However, if the temperature rises soon after rain, development aborts and then it is common to see those white balls shrivelled or split.

 

Brief comments about other puffballs with well-defined apical openings:

 

Disciseda - The fruit body is a somewhat flattened sphere and soon after maturity has a soil case around the lower half  but that soil case will erode over time. You see several examples in this photo (https://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/phtml?pc=f&pn=453&size=3). The upper right specimen has been turned over.

 

Lycoperdon -  Mostly the fruit body has a noticeable pear-shape. The narrow part of that pear is a sterile base. In Lycoperdon a sterile base is well developed and looks and feels a bit like soft foam plastic. In Bovista such a sterile base is absent or rudimentary.

 

 

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Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 27 Dec 2021 by ruthkerruish Bovista (A puffball) at Murrumbateman, NSW - 19 Jun 2021 by SimoneC Bovista (A puffball) at Cook, ACT - 11 Jun 2021 by drakes Bovista (A puffball) at O'Connor, ACT - 6 Apr 2021 by Tapirlord Bovista (A puffball) at Weetangera, ACT - 26 Mar 2021 by CanberraFungiGroup Bovista (A puffball) at Downer, ACT - 6 Feb 2021 by sbittinger Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 6 Feb 2021 by JackyF Bovista (A puffball) at Pialligo, ACT - 30 Oct 2020 by isopeda Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 27 Oct 2020 by Tapirlord Bovista (A puffball) at Isaacs, ACT - 15 Jul 2020 by Mike Bovista (A puffball) at Macgregor, ACT - 11 Jul 2020 by Caric Bovista (A puffball) at Macgregor, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric Bovista (A puffball) at Majura, ACT - 22 Jun 2020 by jbromilow50 Bovista (A puffball) at Cook, ACT - 10 May 2020 by drakes Bovista (A puffball) at Latham, ACT - 10 May 2020 by Caric Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 6 May 2020 by JackyF Bovista (A puffball) at Hawker, ACT - 23 Apr 2020 by Alison Milton Bovista (A puffball) at Deakin, ACT - 21 Apr 2020 by JackyF Bovista (A puffball) at Deakin, ACT - 13 Apr 2020 by JackyF Bovista (A puffball) at Dunlop, ACT - 12 Apr 2020 by JoeG Bovista (A puffball) at Hackett, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by RWPurdie Bovista (A puffball) at Dunlop, ACT - 31 Mar 2020 by tpreston Bovista (A puffball) at Higgins, ACT - 7 Mar 2020 by Alison Milton Bovista (A puffball) at Conder, ACT - 18 Feb 2020 by michaelb Bovista (A puffball) at Conder, ACT - 18 Feb 2020 by michaelb Bovista (A puffball) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 28 Sep 2019 by AaronClausen Bovista (A puffball) at Paddys River, ACT - 5 Jul 2019 by Marthijn Bovista (A puffball) at Chifley, ACT - 21 Apr 2019 by Heino1 Bovista (A puffball) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 19 Apr 2019 by AaronClausen Bovista (A puffball) at Lyons, ACT - 13 Apr 2019 by Heino1 Bovista (A puffball) at Wamboin, NSW - 24 Dec 2018 by natureguy Bovista (A puffball) at Greenway, ACT - 23 Mar 2017 by MatthewFrawley Bovista (A puffball) at Coree, ACT - 28 Aug 2016 by RyuCallaway
Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 27 Dec 2021 by ruthkerruish
Bovista (A puffball) at Murrumbateman, NSW - 19 Jun 2021 by SimoneC
Bovista (A puffball) at Cook, ACT - 11 Jun 2021 by drakes
Bovista (A puffball) at O'Connor, ACT - 6 Apr 2021 by Tapirlord
Bovista (A puffball) at Weetangera, ACT - 26 Mar 2021 by CanberraFungiGroup
Bovista (A puffball) at Downer, ACT - 6 Feb 2021 by sbittinger
Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 6 Feb 2021 by JackyF
Bovista (A puffball) at Pialligo, ACT - 30 Oct 2020 by isopeda
Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 27 Oct 2020 by Tapirlord
Bovista (A puffball) at Isaacs, ACT - 15 Jul 2020 by Mike
Bovista (A puffball) at Macgregor, ACT - 11 Jul 2020 by Caric
Bovista (A puffball) at Macgregor, ACT - 24 Jun 2020 by Caric
Bovista (A puffball) at Majura, ACT - 22 Jun 2020 by jbromilow50
Bovista (A puffball) at Cook, ACT - 10 May 2020 by drakes
Bovista (A puffball) at Latham, ACT - 10 May 2020 by Caric
Bovista (A puffball) at Hughes, ACT - 6 May 2020 by JackyF
Bovista (A puffball) at Hawker, ACT - 23 Apr 2020 by Alison Milton
Bovista (A puffball) at Deakin, ACT - 21 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Bovista (A puffball) at Deakin, ACT - 13 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Bovista (A puffball) at Dunlop, ACT - 12 Apr 2020 by JoeG
Bovista (A puffball) at Hackett, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by RWPurdie
Bovista (A puffball) at Dunlop, ACT - 31 Mar 2020 by tpreston
Bovista (A puffball) at Higgins, ACT - 7 Mar 2020 by Alison Milton
Bovista (A puffball) at Conder, ACT - 18 Feb 2020 by michaelb
Bovista (A puffball) at Conder, ACT - 18 Feb 2020 by michaelb
Bovista (A puffball) at Denman Prospect, ACT - 28 Sep 2019 by AaronClausen
Bovista (A puffball) at Paddys River, ACT - 5 Jul 2019 by Marthijn
Bovista (A puffball) at Chifley, ACT - 21 Apr 2019 by Heino1
Bovista (A puffball) at Molonglo Valley, ACT - 19 Apr 2019 by AaronClausen
Bovista (A puffball) at Lyons, ACT - 13 Apr 2019 by Heino1
Bovista (A puffball) at Wamboin, NSW - 24 Dec 2018 by natureguy
Bovista (A puffball) at Greenway, ACT - 23 Mar 2017 by MatthewFrawley
Bovista (A puffball) at Coree, ACT - 28 Aug 2016 by RyuCallaway
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