ACT NSW ACT Government :: Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council :: Australian Native Plants Society (ANPS) Canberra Region :: Gearys Gap/Wamboin Landcare Group
Home Insects Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)

Camponotus aeneopilosus

A Golden-tailed sugar ant at Acton, ACT

Camponotus aeneopilosus at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021
Camponotus aeneopilosus at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021
Camponotus aeneopilosus at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021
Camponotus aeneopilosus at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021
Camponotus aeneopilosus at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021
Request use of media

Identification history

Camponotus aeneopilosus 21 Mar 2021 AlisonMilton

Identify this sighting


Please Login or Register to identify this sighting.

Be the first to comment


Please Login or Register to comment.

Nearby sightings

Page 1 of 2 - image sightings only 138 1 136

Lipotriches sp. (genus) (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 3 May 2022 by Roger Lipotriches sp. (genus) (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 3 May 2022 by Roger Lycosidae sp. (family) (Unidentified wolf spider) at Acton, ACT - 4 Feb 2022 by AlisonMilton Oechalia schellenbergii (Spined Predatory Shield Bug) at Acton, ACT - 4 Feb 2022 by AlisonMilton Chauliognathus lugubris (Plague Soldier Beetle) at Acton, ACT - 4 Feb 2022 by AlisonMilton Phalaenoides tristifica (Willow-herb Day-moth) at Acton, ACT - 17 Jan 2022 by JohnBundock Acanthiza pusilla (Brown Thornbill) at Acton, ACT - 13 Dec 2021 by RodDeb Myiagra rubecula (Leaden Flycatcher) at Acton, ACT - 29 Nov 2021 by RodDeb Myzomela sanguinolenta (Scarlet Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 29 Nov 2021 by RodDeb Colluricincla harmonica (Grey Shrikethrush) at Acton, ACT - 16 Nov 2021 by RodDeb Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 16 Nov 2021 by RodDeb Myzomela sanguinolenta (Scarlet Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 8 Nov 2021 by GirtsO Petroica rosea (Rose Robin) at Acton, ACT - 7 May 2021 by HelenCross Camponotus suffusus (Golden-tailed sugar ant) at Acton, ACT - 8 Apr 2021 by AlisonMilton Ctenotus taeniolatus (Copper-tailed Skink) at Acton, ACT - 8 Apr 2021 by AlisonMilton Eopsaltria australis (Eastern Yellow Robin) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton Perginae sp. (subfamily) (Unidentified pergine sawfly) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton Bembix sp. (genus) (Unidentified Bembix sand wasp) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton Nyctemera amicus (Senecio or Magpie moth) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton Graphium macleayanum (Macleay's Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton Neochmia temporalis (Red-browed Finch) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 28 Feb 2021 by RodDeb Colluricincla harmonica (Grey Shrikethrush) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2021 by jbromilow50 Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 16 Feb 2021 by jbromilow50 Junonia villida (Meadow Argus) at Acton, ACT - 15 Feb 2021 by RodDeb Eutrichopidia latinus (Yellow-banded Day-moth) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine Dispar compacta (Barred Skipper) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine Theclinesthes miskini (Wattle Blue) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine Cruria donowani (Crow or Donovan's Day Moth) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine Jalmenus ictinus (Stencilled Hairstreak) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine Braconidae sp. (family) (Unidentified braconid wasp) at Acton, ACT - 21 Jan 2021 by HelenCross Geron sp. (genus) (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 21 Jan 2021 by HelenCross Epicoma (genus) (Unidentified Prominent moth) at Acton, ACT - 29 Dec 2020 by RodDeb Myrmecia sp., pilosula-group (Jack jumper) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton Caedicia simplex (Common Garden Katydid) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton Coccinella transversalis (Transverse Ladybird) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton Trichocolletes sp. (genus) (Spring Bee) at Acton, ACT - 19 Sep 2020 by PeterA Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Eolophus roseicapillus (Galah) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Eopsaltria australis (Eastern Yellow Robin) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 12 Aug 2020 by dimageau Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird) at Acton, ACT - 11 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50 Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 11 Aug 2020 by RodDeb Smicrornis brevirostris (Weebill) at Acton, ACT - 11 Aug 2020 by RodDeb Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 6 Aug 2020 by AlisonMilton Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 4 Aug 2020 by HelenCross Eolophus roseicapillus (Galah) at Acton, ACT - 30 Jul 2020 by AlisonMilton Lipotriches (Austronomia) ferricauda (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 20 Mar 2020 by RodDeb Myrmecia sp. (genus) (Bull ant or Jack Jumper) at Acton, ACT - 11 Feb 2020 by RodDeb Bembix sp. (genus) (Unidentified Bembix sand wasp) at Acton, ACT - 11 Feb 2020 by RodDeb Tachyglossus aculeatus (Short-beaked Echidna) at Acton, ACT - 22 Jan 2020 by HelenCross Dasypogoninae sp. (subfamily) (Unidentified dasypogonine robber fly) at Acton, ACT - 23 Dec 2019 by DPRees125 Graphium macleayanum (Macleay's Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb Tephritidae sp. (family) (Unidentified Fruit or Seed fly) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb Torymidae (family) (Torymid wasp) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb Cryptocheilus sp. (genus) (Spider wasp) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb Australiphthiria hilaris (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 11 Dec 2019 by DPRees125 Trichophthalma costalis (Tangle-vein fly) at Acton, ACT - 11 Dec 2019 by DPRees125 Rhytiphora paulla (Longhorn beetle) at Acton, ACT - 11 Dec 2019 by DPRees125 Sphex sp. (genus) (Unidentified Sphex digger wasp) at Acton, ACT - 3 Dec 2019 by Harrisi Geron sp. (genus) (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton Lipotriches (Austronomia) phanerura (Halictid Bee) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton Villa sp. (genus) (Unidentified Villa bee fly) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton Geron sp. (genus) (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton Asura lydia (Lydia Lichen Moth) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 23 Apr 2019 by RodDeb Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye) at Acton, ACT - 12 Apr 2019 by RodDeb Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 12 Apr 2019 by RodDeb Austrosciapus sp. (genus) (Long-legged fly) at Acton, ACT - 24 Mar 2019 by JudithRoach Turneromyia sp. (genus) (Zebra spider wasp) at Acton, ACT - 15 Mar 2019 by AlisonMilton Melangyna viridiceps (Hover fly) at Acton, ACT - 15 Mar 2019 by AlisonMilton Polistes (Polistella) humilis (Common Paper Wasp) at Acton, ACT - 15 Mar 2019 by AlisonMilton Papilio anactus (Dainty Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2019 by Christine Calvatia cyathiformis at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2019 by Heino1 Heteropsilopus sp. (genus) (A long legged fly) at Acton, ACT - 9 Jan 2019 by RodDeb Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 9 Jan 2019 by RodDeb Vanessa kershawi (Australian Painted Lady) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb Belenois java (Caper White) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb Lasioglossum (Chilalictus) sp. (genus & subgenus) (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb Zizina otis (Common Grass-Blue) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb Heteronympha merope (Common Brown) at Acton, ACT - 7 Dec 2018 by AlisonMilton Megachile ferox (Resin bee) at Acton, ACT - 2 Dec 2018 by David Caligavis chrysops (Yellow-faced Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 7 Nov 2018 by RodDeb Melithreptus lunatus (White-naped Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 7 Nov 2018 by RodDeb Malurus cyaneus (Superb Fairywren) at Acton, ACT - 27 Sep 2018 by Alison Milton Pseudocheirus peregrinus (Common Ringtail Possum) at Acton, ACT - 24 Sep 2018 by PeterR Eopsaltria australis (Eastern Yellow Robin) at Acton, ACT - 19 Jul 2018 by RodDeb Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 19 Jul 2018 by RodDeb Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 13 Jun 2018 by RodDeb Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 15 May 2018 by RodDeb Junonia villida (Meadow Argus) at Acton, ACT - 15 May 2018 by RodDeb Pycnoporus sp. (Scarlet Bracket) at Acton, ACT - 5 Apr 2018 by Alison Milton Synthemis eustalacta (Swamp Tigertail) at Acton, ACT - 18 Feb 2018 by MatthewFrawley Graphium macleayanum (Macleay's Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2018 by MatthewFrawley Papilio anactus (Dainty Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2018 by MatthewFrawley Papilio anactus (Dainty Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 16 Feb 2018 by Alison Milton
Lipotriches sp. (genus) (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 3 May 2022 by Roger
Lipotriches sp. (genus) (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 3 May 2022 by Roger
Lycosidae sp. (family) (Unidentified wolf spider) at Acton, ACT - 4 Feb 2022 by AlisonMilton
Oechalia schellenbergii (Spined Predatory Shield Bug) at Acton, ACT - 4 Feb 2022 by AlisonMilton
Chauliognathus lugubris (Plague Soldier Beetle) at Acton, ACT - 4 Feb 2022 by AlisonMilton
Phalaenoides tristifica (Willow-herb Day-moth) at Acton, ACT - 17 Jan 2022 by JohnBundock
Acanthiza pusilla (Brown Thornbill) at Acton, ACT - 13 Dec 2021 by RodDeb
Myiagra rubecula (Leaden Flycatcher) at Acton, ACT - 29 Nov 2021 by RodDeb
Myzomela sanguinolenta (Scarlet Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 29 Nov 2021 by RodDeb
Colluricincla harmonica (Grey Shrikethrush) at Acton, ACT - 16 Nov 2021 by RodDeb
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 16 Nov 2021 by RodDeb
Myzomela sanguinolenta (Scarlet Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 8 Nov 2021 by GirtsO
Petroica rosea (Rose Robin) at Acton, ACT - 7 May 2021 by HelenCross
Camponotus suffusus (Golden-tailed sugar ant) at Acton, ACT - 8 Apr 2021 by AlisonMilton
Ctenotus taeniolatus (Copper-tailed Skink) at Acton, ACT - 8 Apr 2021 by AlisonMilton
Eopsaltria australis (Eastern Yellow Robin) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton
Perginae sp. (subfamily) (Unidentified pergine sawfly) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton
Bembix sp. (genus) (Unidentified Bembix sand wasp) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton
Nyctemera amicus (Senecio or Magpie moth) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton
Graphium macleayanum (Macleay's Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton
Neochmia temporalis (Red-browed Finch) at Acton, ACT - 16 Mar 2021 by AlisonMilton
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 28 Feb 2021 by RodDeb
Colluricincla harmonica (Grey Shrikethrush) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2021 by jbromilow50
Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 16 Feb 2021 by jbromilow50
Junonia villida (Meadow Argus) at Acton, ACT - 15 Feb 2021 by RodDeb
Eutrichopidia latinus (Yellow-banded Day-moth) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine
Dispar compacta (Barred Skipper) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine
Theclinesthes miskini (Wattle Blue) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine
Cruria donowani (Crow or Donovan's Day Moth) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine
Jalmenus ictinus (Stencilled Hairstreak) at Acton, ACT - 7 Feb 2021 by Christine
Braconidae sp. (family) (Unidentified braconid wasp) at Acton, ACT - 21 Jan 2021 by HelenCross
Geron sp. (genus) (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 21 Jan 2021 by HelenCross
Epicoma (genus) (Unidentified Prominent moth) at Acton, ACT - 29 Dec 2020 by RodDeb
Myrmecia sp., pilosula-group (Jack jumper) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton
Caedicia simplex (Common Garden Katydid) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton
Coccinella transversalis (Transverse Ladybird) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton
Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) at Acton, ACT - 9 Nov 2020 by AlisonMilton
Trichocolletes sp. (genus) (Spring Bee) at Acton, ACT - 19 Sep 2020 by PeterA
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Eolophus roseicapillus (Galah) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Eopsaltria australis (Eastern Yellow Robin) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 13 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 12 Aug 2020 by dimageau
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird) at Acton, ACT - 11 Aug 2020 by jbromilow50
Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 11 Aug 2020 by RodDeb
Smicrornis brevirostris (Weebill) at Acton, ACT - 11 Aug 2020 by RodDeb
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 6 Aug 2020 by AlisonMilton
Aegotheles cristatus (Australian Owlet-nightjar) at Acton, ACT - 4 Aug 2020 by HelenCross
Eolophus roseicapillus (Galah) at Acton, ACT - 30 Jul 2020 by AlisonMilton
Lipotriches (Austronomia) ferricauda (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 20 Mar 2020 by RodDeb
Myrmecia sp. (genus) (Bull ant or Jack Jumper) at Acton, ACT - 11 Feb 2020 by RodDeb
Bembix sp. (genus) (Unidentified Bembix sand wasp) at Acton, ACT - 11 Feb 2020 by RodDeb
Tachyglossus aculeatus (Short-beaked Echidna) at Acton, ACT - 22 Jan 2020 by HelenCross
Dasypogoninae sp. (subfamily) (Unidentified dasypogonine robber fly) at Acton, ACT - 23 Dec 2019 by DPRees125
Graphium macleayanum (Macleay's Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb
Tephritidae sp. (family) (Unidentified Fruit or Seed fly) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb
Torymidae (family) (Torymid wasp) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb
Cryptocheilus sp. (genus) (Spider wasp) at Acton, ACT - 22 Dec 2019 by RodDeb
Australiphthiria hilaris (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 11 Dec 2019 by DPRees125
Trichophthalma costalis (Tangle-vein fly) at Acton, ACT - 11 Dec 2019 by DPRees125
Rhytiphora paulla (Longhorn beetle) at Acton, ACT - 11 Dec 2019 by DPRees125
Sphex sp. (genus) (Unidentified Sphex digger wasp) at Acton, ACT - 3 Dec 2019 by Harrisi
Geron sp. (genus) (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton
Lipotriches (Austronomia) phanerura (Halictid Bee) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton
Villa sp. (genus) (Unidentified Villa bee fly) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton
Geron sp. (genus) (Slender Bee Fly) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton
Asura lydia (Lydia Lichen Moth) at Acton, ACT - 18 Nov 2019 by AlisonMilton
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 23 Apr 2019 by RodDeb
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye) at Acton, ACT - 12 Apr 2019 by RodDeb
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 12 Apr 2019 by RodDeb
Austrosciapus sp. (genus) (Long-legged fly) at Acton, ACT - 24 Mar 2019 by JudithRoach
Turneromyia sp. (genus) (Zebra spider wasp) at Acton, ACT - 15 Mar 2019 by AlisonMilton
Melangyna viridiceps (Hover fly) at Acton, ACT - 15 Mar 2019 by AlisonMilton
Polistes (Polistella) humilis (Common Paper Wasp) at Acton, ACT - 15 Mar 2019 by AlisonMilton
Papilio anactus (Dainty Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2019 by Christine
Calvatia cyathiformis at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2019 by Heino1
Heteropsilopus sp. (genus) (A long legged fly) at Acton, ACT - 9 Jan 2019 by RodDeb
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 9 Jan 2019 by RodDeb
Vanessa kershawi (Australian Painted Lady) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb
Belenois java (Caper White) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb
Lasioglossum (Chilalictus) sp. (genus & subgenus) (Halictid bee) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb
Zizina otis (Common Grass-Blue) at Acton, ACT - 30 Dec 2018 by RodDeb
Heteronympha merope (Common Brown) at Acton, ACT - 7 Dec 2018 by AlisonMilton
Megachile ferox (Resin bee) at Acton, ACT - 2 Dec 2018 by David
Caligavis chrysops (Yellow-faced Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 7 Nov 2018 by RodDeb
Melithreptus lunatus (White-naped Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 7 Nov 2018 by RodDeb
Malurus cyaneus (Superb Fairywren) at Acton, ACT - 27 Sep 2018 by Alison Milton
Pseudocheirus peregrinus (Common Ringtail Possum) at Acton, ACT - 24 Sep 2018 by PeterR
Eopsaltria australis (Eastern Yellow Robin) at Acton, ACT - 19 Jul 2018 by RodDeb
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 19 Jul 2018 by RodDeb
Pardalotus punctatus (Spotted Pardalote) at Acton, ACT - 13 Jun 2018 by RodDeb
Phylidonyris novaehollandiae (New Holland Honeyeater) at Acton, ACT - 15 May 2018 by RodDeb
Junonia villida (Meadow Argus) at Acton, ACT - 15 May 2018 by RodDeb
Pycnoporus sp. (Scarlet Bracket) at Acton, ACT - 5 Apr 2018 by Alison Milton
Synthemis eustalacta (Swamp Tigertail) at Acton, ACT - 18 Feb 2018 by MatthewFrawley
Graphium macleayanum (Macleay's Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2018 by MatthewFrawley
Papilio anactus (Dainty Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 17 Feb 2018 by MatthewFrawley
Papilio anactus (Dainty Swallowtail) at Acton, ACT - 16 Feb 2018 by Alison Milton

1  2 

Location information

Species information

  • Not Sensitive
  • Local Native
  • Non-Invasive

Sighting information

  • 4 - 15 Abundance
  • 16 Mar 2021 12:38 PM Recorded on
  • AlisonMilton Recorded by

Additional information

  • 5mm to 12mm Animal size

Record quality

  • Images or audio
  • More than one media file
  • Confirmed by an expert moderator
  • Nearby sighting(s) of same species
  • GPS evidence of location
  • Description
  • Additional attributes
1,291,604 sightings of 8,106 species in 1,328 locations from 5,361 members
Proudly Australian made, owned and hosted CCA 3.0 | privacy