ACT NSW ACT Government :: Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council :: Australian Native Plants Society (ANPS) Canberra Region :: Gearys Gap/Wamboin Landcare Group
Home Fungi Clubs or stalks (maybe a forked or broader apex) Clubs/stalks on wood or on leaf/twig litter Macrotyphula juncea complex

Macrotyphula juncea complex

Fairy Club

 

 

 

The fruit body is a very long and narrow stalk, up to 10 centimetres long (though often shorter) but no more than 2 millimetres wide. There may be a slight differentiation between a fertile head and a slightly narrower sterile stem, with the latter of variable length. Colours are whitish to tan.

 

 The fruit bodies are found on leaf or twig litter in damp, sheltered habitats.

 

Macrotyphula juncea had long been considered a cosmopolitan species and the name has been used in Australia with a visual view thought to be sufficient for identification. However, several juncea-like species are found around the world, the differences being microscopic. In 1988 (R.H. Petersen, The Clavarioid Fungi of New Zealand) described a new juncea-like species, Macrotyphula defibulata. He said that amongst his herbarium’s specimens, previously named as Macrotyphula juncea, there was one from Victoria. On re-study it proved to be Macrotyphula defibulata. The very, very few reports of microscopic studies of Australian juncea specimens suggest that those specimens are of Macrotyphula defibulata. However, given the paucity of studies, perhaps more juncea-like species will be found in Australia.

 

Look-alikes

 

Typhula fruit bodies are often simple stems, much longer than wide but mostly shorter than 3 centimetres. One exception is Typhula phacorrhiza (up to 12 centimetres long) which, some European works warn, can be confused with Macrotyphula juncea. The fruit body of Typhula phacorrhiza arises from a sclerotium, not the case for any species of Macrotyphula. A sclerotium is a ball-like mass of  fungal tissue, with a brown to black skin. Some species of Typhula have sclerotia, some do not. The sclerotia are spherical to elongated and one to a few millimetres in length.

 

No juncea-like Typhula species has been found in Australia but, given that it is easy to miss these fruit bodies, who knows what we have.

 

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Macrotyphula juncea complex (Fairy Club) at Cotter River, ACT - 23 Jun 2020 by KenT Macrotyphula juncea complex (Fairy Club) at Cotter River, ACT - 4 Jun 2020 by KenT Macrotyphula juncea complex (Fairy Club) at Cotter River, ACT - 22 May 2017 by KenT
Macrotyphula juncea complex (Fairy Club) at Cotter River, ACT - 23 Jun 2020 by KenT
Macrotyphula juncea complex (Fairy Club) at Cotter River, ACT - 4 Jun 2020 by KenT
Macrotyphula juncea complex (Fairy Club) at Cotter River, ACT - 22 May 2017 by KenT

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Species information

  • Macrotyphula juncea complex Scientific name
  • Fairy Club Common name
  • Not Sensitive
  • Local Native
  • Non-Invasive

Location information

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