Lilies & Irises Lilies & Irises

Overview

Within Canberra Nature Map, this group includes any herbaceous monocot that has prominent flowers in which the flower parts are in two whorls. Monocots have one seed leaf compared to two in dicotyledons. Mature plants are recognised by parallel longitudinal veins in their often narrow leaves and by having flowers parts in threes or multiples of three.

Identification is largely on differences in flower parts, the number of flowers borne at each part of the stem from which a leaf is attached or on the form of basal leaves. Ideally records for lilies and irises should include close-up photographs of the flowers and basal leaves and a shot that shows flower arrangement along the stem. 

There are around 65 lilies and irises in the wider Canberra region, with about a quarter of all species being introduced plants from overseas. Most of the naturalised species, such as Jonquill, Grape Hyacinths and Freesia are largely confined to former settlements, with only Onion Grass being a major weed.

The more commonly observed species within this group include the Yellow Rush Lily, Bulbine Lily, Nodding Blue Lily and Early Nancy. Plants of the later either bear male or female flowers so it really should be called Early Nancy and Ned.

Being vulnerable to grazing, many of the native species are relatively uncommon including Milkmaids, Blue Grass-lily, Pale Flax-lily, Twining Fringe-lily and Wire lilies. New locations of any of these species are particularly encouraged to be reported via Canberra Nature Map.  

Page 1 of Lilies & Irises - 54 species

Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis

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Lily & Iris Allium triquetrum (Three-cornered Garlic)

Allium triquetrum
Allium triquetrum

Lily & Iris Allium tuberosum (Garlic Chives)

Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum

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Aloe sp.
Aloe sp.
Aloe sp.
Aloe sp.

Lily & Iris Arthropodium fimbriatum (Chocolate Lily)

Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum

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Lily & Iris Arthropodium milleflorum (Vanilla Lily)

Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum

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Lily & Iris Arthropodium minus (Small Vanilla Lily)

Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus

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Lily & Iris Arthropodium strictum (Chocolate Lily)

Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum

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Lily & Iris Arum italicum (Italian Arum)

Arum italicum
Arum italicum

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Astelia psychrocharis
Astelia psychrocharis

Lily & Iris Bulbine bulbosa (Golden Lily)

Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa

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Lily & Iris Bulbine glauca (Rock Lily)

Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca

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Bulbine sp.
Bulbine sp.
Bulbine sp.
Bulbine sp.
Bulbine sp.
Bulbine sp.
Bulbine sp. aff. glauca
Bulbine sp. aff. glauca
Bulbine sp. aff. glauca
Bulbine sp. aff. glauca
Bulbine sp. aff. glauca
Bulbine sp. aff. glauca

Lily & Iris Burchardia umbellata (Milk Maids)

Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata

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Lily & Iris Caesia calliantha (Blue Grass Lily)

Caesia calliantha
Caesia calliantha
Caesia calliantha
Caesia calliantha
Caesia calliantha
Caesia calliantha

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Lily & Iris Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora (Crocosmia, Montbretia)

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

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Lily & Iris Dianella longifolia var. longifolia (Pale Flax Lily, Blue Flax Lily)

Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia
Dianella longifolia var. longifolia

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Lily & Iris Dianella revoluta var. revoluta (Black-anther Flax Lily)

Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
Dianella revoluta var. revoluta
Dianella revoluta var. revoluta

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Lily & Iris Dianella sp. (Flax Lily)

Dianella sp.
Dianella sp.
Dianella sp.
Dianella sp.
Dianella sp.
Dianella sp.

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Conservation Level

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Invasiveness

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