ACT NSW ACT Government :: Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council :: Australian Native Plants Society (ANPS) Canberra Region :: Gearys Gap/Wamboin Landcare Group
Home Plants Lilies & Irises [ field guide | sightings ]

Lilies & Irises

Overview

Within Canberra Nature Map, this group includes any herbaceous monocot that has prominent flowers in which the flower parts are in two whorls. Monocots have one seed leaf compared to two in dicotyledons. Mature plants are recognised by parallel longitudinal veins in their often narrow leaves and by having flowers parts in threes or multiples of three.

Identification is largely on differences in flower parts, the number of flowers borne at each part of the stem from which a leaf is attached or on the form of basal leaves. Ideally records for lilies and irises should include close-up photographs of the flowers and basal leaves and a shot that shows flower arrangement along the stem. 

There are around 65 lilies and irises in the wider Canberra region, with about a quarter of all species being introduced plants from overseas. Most of the naturalised species, such as Jonquill, Grape Hyacinths and Freesia are largely confined to former settlements, with only Onion Grass being a major weed.

The more commonly observed species within this group include the Yellow Rush Lily, Bulbine Lily, Nodding Blue Lily and Early Nancy. Plants of the later either bear male or female flowers so it really should be called Early Nancy and Ned.

Being vulnerable to grazing, many of the native species are relatively uncommon including Milkmaids, Blue Grass-lily, Pale Flax-lily, Twining Fringe-lily and Wire lilies. New locations of any of these species are particularly encouraged to be reported via Canberra Nature Map.  

100 species

Allium sativum (Garlic)

Allium sativum
Allium sativum
Allium sativum
Allium sativum
Allium sativum
Allium sativum

Allium tuberosum (Garlic Chives)

Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum
Allium tuberosum

Amaryllis belladonna (Naked Ladies, Belladonna Lily)

Amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna

Arthropodium fimbriatum (Chocolate Lily)

Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum
Arthropodium fimbriatum

Arthropodium milleflorum (Vanilla Lily)

Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum
Arthropodium milleflorum

Arthropodium minus (Small Vanilla Lily)

Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus
Arthropodium minus

Arthropodium sp. (A lily)

Arthropodium sp.
Arthropodium sp.
Arthropodium sp.
Arthropodium sp.
Arthropodium sp.
Arthropodium sp.

Arthropodium strictum (Chocolate Lily)

Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum
Arthropodium strictum

Arum italicum (Italian Arum)

Arum italicum
Arum italicum
Arum italicum
Arum italicum
Arum italicum
Arum italicum

Asphodelus fistulosus (Onion Weed)

Asphodelus fistulosus
Asphodelus fistulosus
Asphodelus fistulosus
Asphodelus fistulosus
Asphodelus fistulosus
Asphodelus fistulosus

Bulbine bulbosa (Golden Lily)

Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa
Bulbine bulbosa

Bulbine glauca (Rock Lily)

Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca
Bulbine glauca

Burchardia umbellata (Milkmaids)

Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata
Burchardia umbellata

1  2  3  4  5 

Conservation Level

  • All conservation levels (change?)

Invasiveness

  • All invasiveness levels (change?)

Moderators


Want to become a moderator for Lilies & Irises?

Apply now

Follow Lilies & Irises

Receive alerts when new sightings are reported

Subscribe

Share field guide

Share link to Lilies & Irises field guide

1,288,366 sightings of 8,043 species in 1,325 locations from 5,231 members
Proudly Australian made, owned and hosted CCA 3.0 | privacy