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Home Fungi Caps on stems; gills below caps [mushrooms or mushroom-like] Amanita sp.

Amanita sp.

 

The fruit body is a mushroom with a cap on a central stem. Caps and stems vary greatly in size and colour. The gills are white in almost all species (some have pale pink, yellowish or green gills).

 

The gills are free (none reach the stem). Around the top of the stem there is a circular furrow, as in this photo of another genus: http://www.cpbr.gov.au/fungi/images-captions/agaricus-sp-0037.html.

 

Few genera have free gills so it is a very informative feature.

 

Warning: When a mushroom starts drying, in those species without free gills the gills may tear away from the stem and appear free. Always be suspicious when you think you’ve seen free gills. Check carefully for signs of tearing, especially if the cap shows any signs of the wrinkling that comes with drying.

 

A partial veil that covers the gills in an immature mushroom may be present, the remnant left as a weak or well-developed ring of tissue around the stem of a mature mushroom.

 

All species have a universal veil (a membrane that envelopes the button stage). Traces may be left on the cap as random warts or patches or at the stem base as a volva. At one extreme, a volva is a well-developed cup around the base; at the other just a ring of tissue or scales around the base. Very few genera have a volva, so it is highly informative but often it is largely buried.

 

Spore print: white.

 

The mushrooms appear on the ground, near trees, in a many habitats.

 

Look-alikes

 

Most species of Lepiota s.l., Macrolepiota and Chlorophyllum have free, white gills and white spores and all have a partial veil but lack the universal veil. These lepiotoid mushrooms usually have scaly caps, with the scales often of a colour different to that of the underlying flesh. The scales are not randomly scattered but are densely packed near the centre of the cap (giving a solid patch of colour there) and sparser and sparser as you move outward. Often this gives the appearance of concentric rings of scales.

 

About Amanita

 

The stated aim of http://www.amanitaceae.org/ is “a monographic level treatment of the Amanitaceae with facts and data accessible to persons of multiple levels of interest and expertise”.  It deals with Amanitaceae worldwide, drawing information from numerous publications. The species’ descriptions are useful and are summaries of the more detailed descriptions originally published in botanical or mycological journals.  

 

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Amanita sp. at Bullen Range - 13 Apr 2021 by tpreston Amanita sp. at Sweeney's Travelling Stock Reserve - 7 Apr 2021 by AndyRussell Amanita sp. at Mount Painter - 1 Apr 2021 by drakes Amanita sp. at Ginninderry Conservation Corridor - 28 Mar 2021 by tpreston Amanita sp. at Mount Painter - 23 Mar 2021 by drakes Amanita sp. at Ginninderry Conservation Corridor - 23 Feb 2021 by Eland Amanita sp. at Ginninderry Conservation Corridor - 16 Feb 2021 by tpreston Amanita sp. at Dryandra St Woodland - 13 Feb 2021 by ConBoekel Amanita sp. at Umbagong District Park - 10 Feb 2021 by tpreston Amanita sp. at Point 5811 - 18 Oct 2020 by AndyRussell Amanita sp. at Gungaderra Grasslands - 10 Oct 2020 by Dibble Amanita sp. at Red Hill Nature Reserve - 3 Jun 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Red Hill Nature Reserve - 31 May 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Aranda Bushland - 12 May 2020 by Tammy Amanita sp. at Federal Golf Course - 6 May 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Callum Brae - 30 Apr 2020 by SandraH Amanita sp. at Red Hill Nature Reserve - 22 Apr 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Hughes Garran Woodland - 18 Apr 2020 by ruthkerruish Amanita sp. at Mongarlowe River - 15 Apr 2020 by LisaH Amanita sp. at Mongarlowe River - 15 Apr 2020 by LisaH Amanita sp. at Aranda Bushland - 12 Apr 2020 by JoeG Amanita sp. at Aranda Bushland - 12 Apr 2020 by JoeG Amanita sp. at Black Mountain - 9 Apr 2020 by DerekC Amanita sp. at The Pinnacle - 9 Apr 2020 by sangio7 Amanita sp. at Carwoola, NSW - 6 Apr 2020 by Zoed Amanita sp. at Carwoola, NSW - 6 Apr 2020 by Zoed Amanita sp. at Black Mountain - 4 Apr 2020 by RWPurdie Amanita sp. at Deakin, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Black Mountain - 4 Apr 2020 by JoeG Amanita sp. at Carwoola, NSW - 3 Apr 2020 by Zoed Amanita sp. at Deakin, ACT - 2 Apr 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Hughes Grassy Woodland - 1 Apr 2020 by JackyF Amanita sp. at Piney Ridge - 30 Mar 2020 by AaronClausen Amanita sp. at Symonston, ACT - 23 Mar 2020 by SandraH Amanita sp. at Hughes Grassy Woodland - 15 Mar 2020 by KL Amanita sp. at ANBG - 12 Mar 2020 by Alison Milton Amanita sp. at ANBG - 12 Mar 2020 by Alison Milton Amanita sp. at The Pinnacle - 17 Dec 2018 by Alison Milton Amanita sp. at Namadgi National Park - 6 Mar 2018 by Judith Roach Amanita sp. at ANBG - 12 Jan 2018 by Alison Milton Amanita sp. at National Arboretum Forests - 20 May 2017 by forgebbaboudit Amanita sp. at Namadgi National Park - 19 Apr 2017 by KenT Amanita sp. at Bungendore, NSW - 26 Mar 2017 by yellowboxwoodland Amanita sp. at Macquarie, ACT - 20 Mar 2017 by NathanaelC Amanita sp. at Farrer Ridge - 6 Oct 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 3 Oct 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 2 Oct 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Burrinjuck Nature Reserve - 28 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 17 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 17 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 17 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Namadgi National Park - 17 Feb 2016 by KenT Amanita sp. at Stranger Pond - 7 Feb 2016 by RyuCallaway Amanita sp. at Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve - 7 Feb 2016 by HarveyPerkins Amanita sp. at Lake Tuggeranong - 26 Apr 2015 by michaelb Amanita sp. at Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve - 2 Mar 2015 by Christine
Amanita sp. at Bullen Range - 13 Apr 2021 by tpreston
Amanita sp. at Sweeney's Travelling Stock Reserve - 7 Apr 2021 by AndyRussell
Amanita sp. at Mount Painter - 1 Apr 2021 by drakes
Amanita sp. at Ginninderry Conservation Corridor - 28 Mar 2021 by tpreston
Amanita sp. at Mount Painter - 23 Mar 2021 by drakes
Amanita sp. at Ginninderry Conservation Corridor - 23 Feb 2021 by Eland
Amanita sp. at Ginninderry Conservation Corridor - 16 Feb 2021 by tpreston
Amanita sp. at Dryandra St Woodland - 13 Feb 2021 by ConBoekel
Amanita sp. at Umbagong District Park - 10 Feb 2021 by tpreston
Amanita sp. at Point 5811 - 18 Oct 2020 by AndyRussell
Amanita sp. at Gungaderra Grasslands - 10 Oct 2020 by Dibble
Amanita sp. at Red Hill Nature Reserve - 3 Jun 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Red Hill Nature Reserve - 31 May 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Aranda Bushland - 12 May 2020 by Tammy
Amanita sp. at Federal Golf Course - 6 May 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Callum Brae - 30 Apr 2020 by SandraH
Amanita sp. at Red Hill Nature Reserve - 22 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Hughes Garran Woodland - 18 Apr 2020 by ruthkerruish
Amanita sp. at Mongarlowe River - 15 Apr 2020 by LisaH
Amanita sp. at Mongarlowe River - 15 Apr 2020 by LisaH
Amanita sp. at Aranda Bushland - 12 Apr 2020 by JoeG
Amanita sp. at Aranda Bushland - 12 Apr 2020 by JoeG
Amanita sp. at Black Mountain - 9 Apr 2020 by DerekC
Amanita sp. at The Pinnacle - 9 Apr 2020 by sangio7
Amanita sp. at Carwoola, NSW - 6 Apr 2020 by Zoed
Amanita sp. at Carwoola, NSW - 6 Apr 2020 by Zoed
Amanita sp. at Black Mountain - 4 Apr 2020 by RWPurdie
Amanita sp. at Deakin, ACT - 4 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Black Mountain - 4 Apr 2020 by JoeG
Amanita sp. at Carwoola, NSW - 3 Apr 2020 by Zoed
Amanita sp. at Deakin, ACT - 2 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Hughes Grassy Woodland - 1 Apr 2020 by JackyF
Amanita sp. at Piney Ridge - 30 Mar 2020 by AaronClausen
Amanita sp. at Symonston, ACT - 23 Mar 2020 by SandraH
Amanita sp. at Hughes Grassy Woodland - 15 Mar 2020 by KL
Amanita sp. at ANBG - 12 Mar 2020 by Alison Milton
Amanita sp. at ANBG - 12 Mar 2020 by Alison Milton
Amanita sp. at The Pinnacle - 17 Dec 2018 by Alison Milton
Amanita sp. at Namadgi National Park - 6 Mar 2018 by Judith Roach
Amanita sp. at ANBG - 12 Jan 2018 by Alison Milton
Amanita sp. at National Arboretum Forests - 20 May 2017 by forgebbaboudit
Amanita sp. at Namadgi National Park - 19 Apr 2017 by KenT
Amanita sp. at Bungendore, NSW - 26 Mar 2017 by yellowboxwoodland
Amanita sp. at Macquarie, ACT - 20 Mar 2017 by NathanaelC
Amanita sp. at Farrer Ridge - 6 Oct 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 3 Oct 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 2 Oct 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Burrinjuck Nature Reserve - 28 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 17 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 17 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Wanniassa Hill - 17 Sep 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Namadgi National Park - 17 Feb 2016 by KenT
Amanita sp. at Stranger Pond - 7 Feb 2016 by RyuCallaway
Amanita sp. at Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve - 7 Feb 2016 by HarveyPerkins
Amanita sp. at Lake Tuggeranong - 26 Apr 2015 by michaelb
Amanita sp. at Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve - 2 Mar 2015 by Christine

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